The author of the book Darwin on Trial, Phillip E. Johnson, is an american professor of law and one of the founders of the Intelligent Design Movement.
The following publication is the effect of the deep thoughts regarding the real value of the darwinism. The first, original edition of the book has been published in 1991 under Regnery Gateway press. A couple of years earlier, Johnson became familiar with the concepts of Michael Denton and Richard Dawkins. The scientists have presented different approaches to the darwinian theory of evolution – the first one is its critic, and the second its follower. After reading their and other publications, Johnson decided to present his own point of view regarding darwinism.
The author of the book discusses different case scenarios of the origins and development of life on Earth. He states, among other things, that the existing biological variety could not be a result of casual mutations and natural selection. The darwinian mechanism of evolution can – according to Johnson – be responsible for only little (microevolutional) changes in specified forms. The american professor also puts emphasis on the fact, that there are not any reliable empirical testimonies supporting the thesis of evolutionists, that the overlay of little changes in the structure of organisms can lead to completely new, original forms of life.
The criticism of darwinism in this book is mainly directed towards the concepts of the scientists, who – according to Johnson – are so deeply convinced of the correctness of the philosophical rule of naturalism in science, that they do not take into consideration alternative explanations. The american lawyer also arguments that science needs to be considered also outside the naturalistic paradigm, since only then it is possible to see the weaknesses of the current point of view and look for a different way of understanding the various world of nature.