The author of the book Darwin’s Black Box, Michael J. Behe, is an american biochemist.
The first, original edition of the book has been published in 1996 under Free Press.
Already in the introduction, the author put the emphasis on the fact that the scientific literature includes a lot of descriptions of the functionalities of different systems (for example, the Solar System). The american scientist is interested in the origins of the things, that already exist. Behe directs his attention to the world of the living creature on the microscale and wonders, whether the life on the molecular level – which he calls the “fundament of life” – could be explained based on casual mutations and natural selection.
The author of the presented publication arguments that some of the biological structures – called by him as molecular mechanisms – possess a trait that cannot be explain with the naturalistic approach. According to this concept, the system with this kind of complexity is structured by many mutually connected parts, which have a determined function. A removal of even one element would cause the loss of functionality of the system. The scientist believes that structures of such kind could not arise based on the darwinian theory of cumulative evolution, but are the testimonies supporting the intelligent design. The american biochemist also adduces different examples, such as the bacterial flagella, which is formed by around 50 different types of proteins and is used by bacteria as a kind of a rotation motor. Behe states that it could not be constructed through the leveling transitions, because it would not be exercising its role in the previous forms. To demonstrate his point of view, the scientist has also referred to the irreducible complex structure utilised in the everyday life. Namely, it is a standard mouse trap that needs to have all its elements placed in the correct point and order, because otherwise it would not be exercising its function related to catching mouses.
It is also important to underline the fact that Behe is an evolutionists, but not a darwinian one. He accepts the concept of the common origin, but he rejects the thesis of the casual mutations which would lead to the creation of complex biological structures. The book Darwin’s Black Box includes a positive argumentation supporting the theory of the intelligent design.